An Overview of Bed Bugs

Bed bugs are parasitic insects that feed entirely off the blood of humans, animals, and even other bed bugs. These pests are known as the vampires of the insect world. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) considers bed bugs a public health pest. Unlike other bugs though, these insects are not known to spread disease to humans, animals, and other bugs. Learn about these pests so you can watch out for them in your home.

An adult bed bug resembles an apple seed. These bugs have a color that ranges from reddish brown to dark brown. Until an adult bed bugs ingests blood, it will have a flattened, oval-shaped body that is approximately 4 to 5 millimeters in length. The body of a bed bug is segmented into three parts and has wings that aren’t used for flying. Many people report these bugs having an odor that is both sweet and musty.

Bed bugs are attracted to carbon dioxide, warmth, and certain chemicals. Since a person emits carbon dioxide and usually exhales more deeply when he is asleep, bed bugs tend to gravitate to sleeping individuals. Exposed skin is the primary target of bed bugs. Due to this, many people bitten by bed bugs are bitten on their necks, faces, hands, and feet. While bed bugs are not thought to transmit pathogens, they can cause skin rashes and allergic reactions.

Dark, moist areas are places bed bugs seek. When looking for a place to nest, bed bugs tend to prefer couches, mattresses, and curtains. Bed bugs often flock together when they infest an area. Living in groups provides a better way to find warmth in numbers. There are signs indicative of the presence of one or more bed bugs. Bed bug fecal matter, blood stains on clothing and bedding, offensive odors, and remnants of dried fecal matter are some of the signs to look for when inspecting your home for bed bugs.

Bed bugs have been growing in numbers as people travel more. Keeping a look out for bed bugs can save your belongings from damage. For more information on bed bugs and how to rid your area of them, please visit